A retinal detachment is caused by separation of the retina’s sensory and pigment layers. Retinal detachment is considered an ocular emergency that requires immediate medical attention and surgery. It is a problem frequently seen in the middle-aged and elderly.
There are three main causes of retinal detachments. The most common cause is a tear the retina, allowing fluid to seep under the layers of the retina. The following people have a higher risk for developing this condition: those who are very nearsighted, those who have undergone eye surgery, or those who have experienced a serious eye injury.
The second most common cause is due to strands of vitreous or scar tissue on the retina, creating traction on the retina. Patients with diabetes can experience this due to their higher propensity to form scar tissue.
The third cause is fluid collecting underneath the layers of the retina, causing it to separate from the back wall of the eye. This type usually occurs in conjunction with another disease affecting the eye.
Signs & Symptoms
- Light Flashes
- Wavy Or Watery Vision
- Veil or Curtain Obstructing Vision
- Shower Of Floaters
- Sudden Decrease Of Vision
There are a number of ways to treat retinal detachment. The appropriate treatment depends on the type, severity and location of the detachment. The ophthalmologist can give more information regarding risks and benefits of treatment for this condition.